What are the four types of child abuse?
1. Sexual child abuse.
There are 2 separate types of child sexual abuse, which are contact and non-contact.
This form of abuse includes, but is not limited to, the following:
- Using a body part to rape or penetrate a child.
- Touching any part of a child’s body sexually, regardless of whether the child is clothed.
- Making a child partake in sexual activities.
- Forcing a child to undress or touch someone else.
- Grooming a child.
- Showing a child pornography.
- Making a child masturbate.
- Forcing a child to take part in, view or share sexual images or videos.
- Making, viewing or sharing sexual images or videos of children.
- Exposing or flashing a child.
- Teaching or encouraging a child to behave in a sexually inappropriate way.
- Forcing a child to watch a sexual act.
2. Physical child abuse.
In short, physical abuse is when someone hurts or harms a child or young person on purpose. Examples include:
- Hitting with hands or objects
- Slapping and punching
- Burning and scalding
- Biting and scratching
- Breaking bones
3. Emotional child abuse.
Emotional abuse comes in multiple ways. The impact of the abuse can have a dramatic effect on a child’s life. For example, emotional abuse can harm a child’s self-confidence or how well they fit in at school.
Forms of emotional abuse include:
- Making a child feel unloved or worthless.
- Unfairly blaming a child.
- Cyber-bullying a child.
- Making a child feel frightened.
- A child witnessing the abuse of others. For example, a child witnessing domestic violence.
Neglect is when a child’s basic needs are persistently not met by their parent or guardian.
These basic needs include:
- Adequate food, clothing and shelter.
- Protection against both physical and emotional harm or danger.
- A good amount of supervision. For example, not leaving the child home alone.
- Providing a child with access to appropriate medical care. For instance, dental treatment.