What Happens if a Whistleblower is Wrong?
If a whistleblower’s allegation is wrong, what happens to the whistleblower depends on whether they had reasonable belief to make the accusation or whether they acted in bad faith.
If the whistleblower had a reasonable belief of wrongdoing, there should be no further action against them. Therefore, if the employee had a good cause to make an accusation and it was wrong, they are protected against being dismissed or victimised because of their actions.
Acting in bad faith
However, if the whistleblower deliberately makes a false allegation, they can be liable for the damages the allegation has caused. In this circumstance, the action taken against the whistleblower will depend on the seriousness of the allegation and its impact on others regarding financial damage or harm to reputation.
For example, an employer may decide to take disciplinary action against the whistleblower, such as a verbal warning. However, in more serious circumstances, an employer may choose to make a civil claim against the whistleblower.